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The study on the protection of women patron gives Carmen Guillén cum laude qualification (04/01/2019)

Carmen Guillén Lorente, graduated in History from the University of Murcia and Master in Comparative Social History is a young mazarronera of 30 years who has recently obtained the qualification of cum laude in her doctoral thesis entitled 'The Board of Protection of Women: prostitution, morality and state intervention during the Franco regime.

In addition, the author obtained an International Doctorate by completing part of the thesis in Rome and completing part of it in Italian.

During four years of doctoral work, Carmen Guillén investigated the creation and functioning of an institution that began in 1941 and lasted during the period of Democratic Transition until disappearing in 1985, regulated until then by a law whose last modification was made in 1952.

Motivated in its study by the subjects of gender and feminism within the framework of the Spanish Contemporary History, the mazarronera studied the Patronato of Protection to the Woman, an institution with pyramidal structure that left from a national headquarters and was divided in provincial and local meetings .

Its creation, says the researcher, was aimed at redeeming the 'fallen' woman and protecting the woman who was in danger of falling;

However, the reality was that he ended up developing a purely prison system for women who were questioned for their behaviors not in accordance with the morality of the time.

What, in principle, was designed to protect women ended up being a repressive apparatus of the female collective, Carmen Guillén points out.

Any indication contrary to the paradigm of the woman's idea of ​​the time, self-sacrificing mother, submissive and blessed wife, gave rise to being able to enter the patronage, says its author.

The state institution relied on religious congregations that provided their centers to intern women who came to them by complaints from neighbors, police or through family members.

In Mazarrón came to exist a local board of this patronato, since this is corroborated by the founding act that collects the municipal archive dated in 1941. According to Carmen Guillén, the average stay in the board was between 6 months and 2 years, after a income that involved a gynecological test, an intelligence test and another morality test that qualified each woman.

Source: Ayuntamiento de Mazarrón

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